On 19 January the first scheduled flight from RIGA International Airport was performed by the Belarusian airline Belavia that would carry passengers  between Riga and Minsk.

On 28 and 29 January RIGA International Airport handled one of the world’s biggest aircraft   - AN 124 Ruslan. The heavy air cargo charter company Ruslan International with a freight carrier AN 124 from RIGA Airport transported a gas generator weighing 46 tonnes. 

From 1 February a new service is available at RIGA International Airport - the economy long-term car park (P3). A lower and simpler tariff of 3 lati per day will be applied in the new car park.

SJSC RIGA International Airport with co-financing from the European Union Cohesion Fund in four years will implement significant infrastructure modernisation and reconstruction projects amounting to 95 million euros. For the realisation of RIGA International Airport infrastructure projects 58 million euros will be attracted from the EU Cohesion Fund and 36 million euros contributed by RIGA International Airport. The infrastructure development project will include the following parts: 

1)            Renovation of the runway pavement,

2)            Strengthening of the runway strip,

3)            Construction of new taxiways,

4)            Modernisation of the airfield in compliance with ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organisation)    Category II requirements,

5)            Reconstruction and expansion of aircraft aprons and construction of new aircraft stands,

6)            Construction of aircraft anti-icing platforms at both ends of the runway,

7)            Reconstruction of the storm water and underground drainage systems,

8)            Construction of a hangar for washing of the airfield maintenance machines,

9)            Construction of a new waste collection site.

On 13 March RIGA International Airport welcomed the first scheduled flight of Wizz Air, the biggest low-cost airline in Central and Eastern Europe, from Oslo, Norway. On 29 March the Romanian national carrier TAROMcommenced flights on the route Riga – Bucharest. 

On 19 April the Ukrainian flag carrier AeroSvit started its operations at RIGA International Airport. The Ukrainian airline will perform daily flights between Riga and Kiev. On 21 April flights to Gothenburg, the second biggest town in Sweden, were commenced by the Swedish airline   City Airline.

By implementing Regulation (EC) No 1107/2006 concerning the rights of disabled persons and persons with reduced mobility when travelling by air RIGA International Airport has become still friendlier and more comfortable to disabled persons and persons with reduced mobility and has been set as an example to other EU airports in compliance with the EU Regulation.

On 26 April RIGA International Airport received the Emerging Market Airports Award (EMA) in the category   „The Best Airport”, handling up to five million passengers per year. The first EMA award ceremony took place in Dubai.

Eruption of a volcano in Iceland took its toll on the number of passengers and flights at RIGA International Airport. The number of passengers in April dropped by 9.2 percent while the number of flights was cut by 5 percent. Other airports whose airspace was affected by the volcanic ash cloud, too, suffered decreases in passenger traffic in April. 

According to the data of the aviation industry research and analysis publication OAG Aviation Solutions (OAG), RIGA International Airport for the third time was ranked among the world’s top 100 airports by the number of international flight passengers handled weekly. 

21 June – the four millionth passenger of the airline Ryanair was welcomed at Riga International Airport.

7 July – the Museum of the Contemporary Latvian Art within the framework of the pilot project KIM? opened an exhibition of contemporary art at Riga International Airport displaying works of 18 young Baltic artists.

In July significant reconstruction works were carried out in the terminal of Riga International Airport aimed at upgrading of service and comfort level for passengers and increasing the capacity of the terminal. At Arrivals Sector E the passport control facility was expanded by opening an additional passenger corridor and one more (the 5th) passenger security screening line. Four new departure sectors were built, their total number reaching 21. Transfer passenger service capacity was raised by 30 percent by increasing the throughput of the passport control points as two new workstations were added to the four existing ones.

16 August – a new airline – the Russian carrier UTair Aviation – commenced operations at Riga International Airport performing one daily flight between Riga and Moscow.

In September TAV Airport Holding Inc was pronounced the winner of the international open tender procedure for the rent of the commercial space of Riga International Airport .

31 October – the Russian airline Transaero opened flights from Riga International Airport. The carrier operates three flights per week between Riga and Moscow.

By November 2010 the annual passenger traffic at Riga International Airport had exceeded 4 million – the total result for the year 2009.

In 2010 RIGA International Airport welcomed 4 663 692 passengers or 15 percent (597 108 pax) more than in 2009 when 4 066 854 travellers were handled.